In 2008, the Association for Applied Psychophysiology (AAPB), the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance (BCIA), and the International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (ISNR) approved the following definition of biofeedback:
“Biofeedback is a process that enables an individual to learn how to change physiological activity for the purposes of improving health and performance. Precise instruments measure physiological activity such as brainwaves, heart function, breathing, muscle activity, and skin temperature. These instruments rapidly and accurately "feed back" information to the user. The presentation of this information — often in conjunction with changes in thinking, emotions, and behavior — supports desired physiological changes. Over time, these changes can endure without continued use of an instrument.”
“Biofeedback is a physiologically based learning tool to help people recognize how their physiologies are functioning under various circumstances. They can use this information to learn how to control those aspects that are not functioning optimally.
With proper training, biofeedback can be used by professionals in many fields. Biofeedback is NOT used as a treatment alone, nor can it be used alone to make a diagnosis. Rather it is an adjunctive tool to be combined with other standard interventions carried out by knowledgeable clinicians, educators, or coaches....
Hundreds of well-controlled studies have shown that the signals usually recorded as the basis for performing biofeedback (such as muscle tension and brain waves) are related to the symptoms being addressed. The recording technology is standardized and is accepted within professional communities involved with making psychophysiological recordings. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and equivalent international bodies provide regulatory support for biofeedback equipment.” (From aapb.org)
At Avalon Hills, we do not use any form of biofeedback as a “stand alone” therapeutic intervention. We integrate multiple forms of biofeedback and neurofeedback with traditional forms of individual and group psychotherapy. Some of the primary biofeedback and neurofeedback modalities we use are:
- Heart Rate Variability (HRV) training (see heartmath.com)
- Muse (see choosemuse.com)
- EEGer (see eegspectrum.com)
Our neurofeedback applications are guided by a quantitative EEG Evaluation conducted on site and then sent to the Center for the Advancement of Human Potential in Ashville, North Carolina. After the clinical findings are examined by a neurologist to determine the presence or absence of clinical abnormalities, the EEG is interpreted and treatment recommendations are offered by Dr. Ed D. Hamlin, Ph.D., BCN, a clinical psychologist Board Certified in Neurofeedback by the Biofeedback Certification International Alliance (BCIC). Dr. Hamlin continues to confer with our treatment team throughout the resident’s course of neurofeedback applications.
We have worked closely with Dr. Ed Hamlin to develop our Applied Neuroscience department. To learn more about Dr. Hamlin and his work, click here.